2011-04-16

Mutt 初探 | My first attempt at Mutt

早就听说过Mutt,但是之前每个教程都是大长篇的关于mutt, fetchmail/getmail, sendmail的配置,令人畏惧。

最近下决心试试这个所谓最好的邮件客户端,搜了几个教程发现sendmail不怎么要配,而mutt有收邮件功能(我只用gmail),所以只需要配mutt。

研究了两天终于配好了muttrc,而后几天慢慢研究新功能,现在基本功能都会了,确实很好用!

我的.muttrc放在了github上

然后需要提的一些

1.取消命令需要按Ctrl+g
2.默认w3m不能很好的识别编码,解决方法是在~/.mailcap里加入一行
text/html; /usr/bin/w3m -I %{charset} -dump -T text/html '%s'; copiousoutput; description=HTML Text; nametemplate=%s.html
注意"-I %{charset}"这个参数
3.需要用smime_keys init建立需要的有关smime证书的目录,然后信任的根证书放在mutt的变量smime_ca_location里。我放到了~/.smime/ca-bundle.crt
4.mailto的配置,gnome有个小bug,preferred application选了mutt后不能默认勾上run in terminal,导致mutt不能正常运行。解决办法就是选custom,勾上run in terminal再选mutt
5.搜到了muttator,里面说mutt如何如何不好,呵呵。这个thunderbird插件也挺有趣的,回头再看看。
6.在全屏的guake里开一个tmux,然后再在tmux里开mutt,太爽了。

最后是一些link
关于muttrc配置
/usr/share/doc/mutt/*
http://crunchbanglinux.org/wiki/howto/howto_setup_mutt_with_gmail_imap
http://wiki.muttqq:s.org/?UserStory/GMailOverIMAP
https://github.com/redondos/mutt
http://therandymon.com/woodnotes/mutt/using-mutt.html
http://muttrcbuilder.org

关于证书安装
http://equiraptor.com/smime_mutt_how-to.html
http://wiki.cacert.org/EmailCertificates
http://gagravarr.org/writing/openssl-certs/email.shtml
http://gagravarr.org/writing/openssl-certs/others.shtml
http://wiki.mutt.org/?MuttGuide/UseGPG
http://kb.wisc.edu/middleware/page.php?id=4091



I've heard about Mutt long before, but in whichever tutorial there were always super long configuration files about mutt, fetchmail/getmail and sendmail, quite scaring...

Recently I've made up my mind to learn this so-called the best email client, after minutes of searching I found out that there had been no need to configure sendmail, and since mutt had already supported retrieving emails (I use gmail only), I only need to configure mutt itself.

I spent two days before I completed my muttrc, after that I learned more things through using it. Now I've been familiar with most basic operations, indeed Mutt is a great email client!

I've put my .muttrc on my github page.

And something more:

1.To cancel a command, press ctrl+g
2.By default w3m cannot recognize the encodings well, to resolve this, add a line in ~/.mailcap:
text/html; /usr/bin/w3m -I %{charset} -dump -T text/html '%s'; copiousoutput; description=HTML Text; nametemplate=%s.html
pay attention on the parameter "-I %{charset}"
3.Use 'smime_keys init' to create directories needed for smime handling, then put trusted certificates in the 'smime_ca_location' (a variable in mutt). I put mine in ~/.smime/ca-bundle.crt
4.About mailto handling, there's a bug in GNOME that 'run in terminal' is not ticked by default in preferred application (when you select mutt), which causes mutt not be able to run correctly. To resolve this, select 'custom program', tick 'run in terminal', then select (back) 'mutt'
5.I found 'muttator' when I was searching for something about mutt, there is an article on its homepage about why Mutt sucks, quite interesing. I might try this addon of Thunderbird later.
6.Now I'm using mutt inside tmux, which is run in a fullscreen guake, so cool!

Some useful links here:
About muttrc:
/usr/share/doc/mutt/*
http://crunchbanglinux.org/wiki/howto/howto_setup_mutt_with_gmail_imap
http://wiki.muttqq:s.org/?UserStory/GMailOverIMAP
https://github.com/redondos/mutt
http://therandymon.com/woodnotes/mutt/using-mutt.html
http://muttrcbuilder.org

About certificates:
http://equiraptor.com/smime_mutt_how-to.html
http://wiki.cacert.org/EmailCertificates
http://gagravarr.org/writing/openssl-certs/email.shtml
http://gagravarr.org/writing/openssl-certs/others.shtml
http://wiki.mutt.org/?MuttGuide/UseGPG
http://kb.wisc.edu/middleware/page.php?id=4091
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